Department of Defense Police are the uniformed civilian police departments of the United States Department of Defense or various branches of the United States Armed Forces. They are also referred to as DoD Police. The DoD Police is responsible for law enforcement and security services on DoD owned and leased buildings, facilities, properties and other DoD assets.
The DoD police fall into two general categories:
* 1. They may fall under a functional directorate of the United States Department of Defense, such as the Defense Logistics Agency Police, and
* 2. They may fall under the various armed forces branches and or their subordinate activities, such as the DoD Army or DoD Navy Police. Others may be installation based such as the Fort Hunter-Ligget Police.
There is a DoD police agency based at the Pentagon named the United States Pentagon Police, which is part of the Pentagon Force Protection Agency. Formerly The Defense Protective Service (DPS), The United States Pentagon Police have exclusive jurisdiction within the Pentagon Reservation and have concurrent jurisdiction with other police agencies (state, county, & local) in an area of approximately 280 acres around the complex. U.S. Pentagon police officers also hold concurrent jurisdiction at DoD leased property throughout the National Capital Region, at the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces in Washington D.C., and various other properties throughout the NCR. Through a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Arlington County, U.S. Pentagon Police Officers also possess authority, to enforce laws while on duty in Arlington County, Alexandria, the District of Columbia, and various other areas throughout the National Capital Region. Additionally, they are charged with the protection of various Department of Defense executive officers and VIP's.
Furthermore, MOU's that are established in agreement with either the City Police Chief or local Sheriff vary with every DoD facility. Other DoD Police facilities that have MOU agreements include DoD Police in San Francisco, CA and the Los Angeles Air Force Base DoD Police in Southern CA.
The Department of Defense Guard or Department of the Army Guard are examples of other DoD Army police. These are active duty military police officers. Their peacetime duties are the same as those of civilian police officers, namely to enforce the laws of the United States military in the form of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), and the regulations of their particular installation. The guards' duties are normally restricted to protection of priority resources and they are distinguished by their camouflage BDU (Battle Dress uniforms).
* 1 Authority
* 2 Uniforms and armament
* 3 Department of Defense Police and Investigative agencies
* 4 See also
* 5 References
* 6 See also
DoD Police law enforcement personnel derive their law enforcement authority from Section 1315 of Title 40 (40 USC 1315), along with Titles 5, 10, and 18 of the United States Code; as delegated by the Secretary of the Department of Defense.
40 USC 1315: The Secretary may designate employees of the Department of Defense, as officers and agents for duty in connection with the protection of property owned or occupied by the Department Of Defense and persons on the property, including duty in areas outside the property to the extent necessary to protect the property and persons on the property.
Powers. - While engaged in the performance of official duties, an officer or agent designated under this subsection may -
(A) Enforce Federal and State laws and regulations for the protection of persons and property;
(B) Carry firearms.
(C) Detain and hold persons for offenses against the United States committed in the presence of the officer or for any felony cognizable under the laws of the United States if the officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested has committed or is committing a felony;
(D) Serve warrants and subpoenas issued under the authority of the United States magistrate or U.S. Attorney.
(E) Conduct investigations, on and off the property in question, of offenses that may have been committed against property owned or occupied by the Federal Government or persons on the property; and
(F) Carry out such other activities for the promotion of homeland security as the Secretary may prescribe.
(G) Issue Federal magistrate citations for vehicle code violations and misdemeanors.
Uniforms and armament
The uniform worn by DoD Police officers are identical to that of civil police, apart from insignia. All officers are trained to use firearms and are armed at all times while on duty. DoD Federal Police Officers are armed with M-16 assault rifles, H&K MP5, and various 9mm or .40 cal pistols. They are also equipped with tasers, shotguns, ASP batons, OC Spray, shields and other riot gear.
Most DoD Police are still using the M-9 Beretta pistol, (The M-9 is the Government version of the 92F). In the early 1990's, the standard sidearm was the Colt .45 Combat Commander. This was last used by the now defunct Mare Island DoD Police force. Some DoD Police Departments had used the Sig 228 compact but was traded in for the M-9's due to lack of an external safety lever.
Department of Defense Police and Investigative agencies
* Defense Criminal Investigative Service (DCIS)
* Defense Logistics Agency (DLA)
* Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA)
* Pentagon Force Protection Agency, U.S. Pentagon Police (formerly the Defense Protective Service)
* United States Military Academy - West Point Military Police
* Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS)
* Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI)
* U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command (CID)
* U.S. Naval District of Washington Police Force (NDW)